What are the Different Types of Water Storage Tanks?

Explore a wide range of water storage tanks, from overhead and groundwater tanks to insulated, thermal, elevated, slump, loft, rainwater harvesting, portable, composite, stainless steel, fire, and agriculture water tanks, to find the perfect solution for your needs. Understand their characteristics and applications to ensure a reliable and efficient water supply for various purposes.


Oswal Hi Tech Pvt Ltd

6/28/20234 min read

What are the different types of water storage tanks
What are the different types of water storage tanks

A Comprehensive Guide to Different Types of Water Storage Tanks: Overhead, Insulated, Thermal, Elevated, Loft, Rainwater Harvesting, Portable, Fire, and Agriculture Water Tanks


Water storage tanks play a crucial role in providing a reliable water supply for various purposes. From residential buildings to industrial complexes, different types of tanks are used based on specific requirements. In this blog post, we will explore and explain the key differences between overhead tanks, groundwater storage tanks, insulated water tanks, thermal water tanks, elevated water tanks, slumps, and loft tanks. Understanding these distinctions will help you choose the right water storage solution for your needs.

Overhead Tanks:

Overhead tanks are commonly found in residential and commercial buildings. They are placed on rooftops or elevated platforms to store water. The tanks utilize gravity to supply water to the connected pipes and fixtures. Overhead tanks ensure consistent water pressure, making them suitable for multi-story buildings.

Insulated Water Tanks:

Insulated water tanks are built with insulating materials to regulate the temperature of stored water. They are commonly used in regions with extreme weather conditions, where insulation helps prevent freezing in cold climates or excessive heat absorption in hot climates. Insulated tanks are beneficial for preserving water quality and ensuring it remains suitable for various applications.

Thermal Water Tanks:

Thermal water tanks are specifically designed to store heated water. These Water tanks are commonly used in residential or commercial settings where hot water is required for bathing, washing, or other purposes. Thermal tanks feature insulation and heating elements to maintain the desired water temperature for extended periods.

Elevated Water Tanks:

Elevated water tanks, also known as water towers, are iconic structures used to store and distribute water in urban areas. These tanks are typically positioned on high towers or elevated platforms to create sufficient pressure for water distribution throughout the surrounding area. Elevated tanks are crucial for ensuring adequate water supply in regions with varying terrain or insufficient water pressure.

Loft Tanks:

Loft tanks, also referred to as attic tanks or attic water storage tanks, are typically installed in residential buildings where space is limited. These Plastic water tanks are placed in lofts or attic spaces to maximize available storage capacity. Loft tanks are compact and designed to fit in confined areas, making them a suitable choice for small-scale water storage in homes.

Underground Water Tanks:

Underground water tanks, as the name suggests, are installed below ground level. These tanks are commonly used in urban areas where space constraints or aesthetic considerations make above-ground tanks impractical. Underground tanks can be made from materials such as concrete, plastic, or fiberglass, and they are designed to withstand the surrounding soil pressure. They provide a discreet and space-saving solution for storing water while preserving the aesthetics of the surrounding area.

Rainwater Harvesting Tanks:

Rainwater harvesting tanks are designed to collect and store rainwater runoff from rooftops or other surfaces. These tanks are commonly used in eco-friendly and sustainable practices to conserve water resources. Rainwater harvesting tanks can vary in size and material, including options such as plastic, concrete, or metal. They often incorporate filtration systems to remove debris and contaminants before storing the harvested water. These tanks are beneficial for various non-potable water uses, such as irrigation, toilet flushing, and laundry. For all these requirements best suitable water tanks is Hitank Plastic water storage tanks.

Fire Water Tanks:

Fire water tanks, also known as fire suppression tanks, are specifically designed to provide a dedicated water source for firefighting purposes. These tanks are often installed in industrial complexes, commercial buildings, or areas where fire safety regulations require on-site fire protection measures. Fire water tanks are typically constructed from robust materials and have large capacities to ensure an ample supply of water during fire emergencies.

Agriculture Water Tanks:

Agriculture water tanks, also known as farm water tanks or agricultural water storage tanks, are specifically designed to meet the water needs of farming and irrigation systems. These tanks play a crucial role in storing water for agricultural activities, such as crop irrigation, livestock watering, and farm equipment maintenance.

Agriculture water tanks come in various sizes and materials, including polyethylene, fiberglass, or corrugated steel. They are typically large in capacity to accommodate the water requirements of expansive agricultural operations. These tanks can be installed above ground, partially buried, or fully buried based on the available space and specific requirements.


Selecting the appropriate water storage tank is crucial to ensure a reliable water supply for various applications. Overhead tanks provide gravity-based water distribution, while groundwater storage tanks utilize underground sources. Insulated and thermal tanks regulate water temperature, and elevated tanks maintain pressure in urban areas. Slump tanks aid in water treatment processes, and loft tanks maximize storage in limited spaces. Rainwater harvesting tanks contribute to water conservation efforts, and portable tanks offer temporary storage solutions. Composite and stainless steel tanks provide durability and chemical compatibility, while fire and agriculture tanks cater to specific industrial and farming needs. By understanding the characteristics and applications of these different types of water storage tanks, you can choose the most suitable option for your specific requirements.